An introduction to the terminology, physics and applications of hydrostatics and hydraulics, this course covers fluids at rest and in motion. Topics include the properties of water, fluid pressure, hydrostatic force and buoyancy, fundamental laws of incompressible fluid flow, and concepts of continuity, momentum, force, energy, power and work as they relate to hydraulic systems. Some basic concepts of pumps are also introduced.
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Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
Define the basic fluid properties and the difference between absolute and gauge pressure.
Calculate the hydrostatic forces, the centre of pressure and the force distribution on a plane area as a consequence of static water pressure and forces due to fluid pressure on irregular surfaces.
Explain the principle of buoyancy and calculate the buoyant force on a submerged object.
Define basic terms describing fluid in motion.
Explain and employ the equation of continuity.
Describe the relationship between fluid force and momentum and use the law of momentum conservation in solving flow problems.
Describe the types of energy in a fluid and solve simple hydraulic flow problems using energy conservation methods.
Solve flow problems using fluid mechanics and hydraulics procedures based on the Bernoulli theorem.
Effective as of Fall 2010
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