British Columbia Institute of

Important Notice: COVID-19 Institute response


PRKS 1010 - BC Parks Law and Its Administration

Parks Part-time Studies Course

School of Construction and the Environment

BCIT is planning for a substantial return to on-campus activity for the fall 2021 term as informed by BC Public Health Officer guidelines. Refer to each course listing for details.

Course Details

​This course is designed to take the learner from the definition of law and its governing bodies through to the elements and procedures of law enforcement within a park environment. The topics covered in this course include an introduction to law, code and statute offenses common to BC parks, authorities and powers, duties and responsibilities, investigations, preventative law, emergencies, investigative report writing, and statements.





Fall 2021

Below is one offering of this course for the Fall 2021 term.

CRN 45927

Start any time

This is an online learning course. Start any time. You have 16 weeks from the date you register to complete this course.


Tom Saare

Course Outline

TBD – see Learning Outcomes in the interim




  1. Internet delivery format.
  2. You have 16 weeks from the date of registration to complete the course. Please register ONLY when you are ready to start working on the course. There is no option to extend the course end-date. Students must provide an active email account upon registration to receive information on course material and to get started in this course. For more information, please contact the Program Assistant at .
  3. Important course information will be sent to you immediately after registering. Check your myBCIT email account to access this information.

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

Module 1 - Introduction to Law

  • Define common, statute, case, criminal and civil law.
  • Explain the hierarchy of the Court System in BC.
  • Explain the impact that the Charter of Rights has had on the court system in BC.
  • Explain the differences between Federal and Provincial laws.
  • Describe the elements of a Criminal Code offence.
  • List the elements necessary to obtain a conviction for a Criminal Code offence.
  • Discuss the evidence required to prove a Criminal Code offence.

Module 2 - Code and Statute Offences Common to BC Parks

  • List the key elements of the offences listed below:
    • Causing a disturbance
    • Theft under $1000
    • Speeding
    • Driving without a license
    • Consuming liquor in a public place
    • Hunting illegally
    • Describe the evidence necessary to prove, in court, the points or elements for the above offences.

Module 3 - Authorities and Power

  • Describe the powers of arrest available to a Park Official under the Criminal Code and Federal statutes.
  • Describe the powers of arrest available to a Park Official under Provincial statutes.
  • Describe the special authorities available to Park Officials and the responsibilities that accompany those authorities.

Module 4 - Duties and Responsibilities

  • List five legal duties of a Park Ranger under Federal and Provincial statutes.
  • Complete a violation ticket as required by a Provincial statute.

Module 5 - Investigations

  • Describe the three types of investigations Park Rangers are commonly involved in.
  • Describe at least three different types/forms of evidence to be collected.
  • List the proper sequence of at least six steps to be taken at a crime scene, or an accident, including proper note taking, plan drawings and photo documentation procedures.
  • Describe at least three different authorities that Park Rangers have to get proper names/identification.
  • State at least four points to remember when conducting interviews.
  • Explain the difference between statements from witnesses versus statements from suspects/offenders.
  • Explain the circumstances under which either a Police or Charter warning would be used.
  • Define police warning.
  • Define charter warning.

Module 6 - Preventative Law

  • Define CPTED.
  • Provide at least one example of how CPTED would apply to prevent crimes in a park.
  • Describe at least two proactive roles/procedures for accident prevention.
  • Define the principles of negligence liability.
  • Describe the components of the Occupier's Liability Act.
  • Describe reactive role procedures.

Module 7 - Emergencies

  • Describe provincial search and rescue policy.
  • Describe local search and rescue plans and initial responses.
  • Describe in general terms the Good Samaritan Act.
  • Describe when and how to report missing persons.

Module 8 - Report Writing

  • Describe an acceptable style of writing used by investigators to report investigations.
  • List at least three contributing causes to ineffective writing.
  • Edit a sample document removing at least 20% of the words while retaining the original intent and meaning.
  • Remove impersonal introductions and zero words from a sample document.

Module 9 - Statements

  • List in the proper sequence nine components or parts of a typical statement.
  • Provide two reasons why the Charter of Rights Notice must be given to arrested or detained persons before taking a statement, and provide the most recent definition of 'detained' as interpreted by the higher courts.
  • Provide one reason why the police warning must be given to a suspect before taking a statement.
  • Describe four different methods of recording information from a statement giver.
  • List two advantages and two disadvantages of each method of recording information.

Effective as of Winter 2019


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