Climate affects every aspect of human society and the environment. Understanding climate characteristics from local to global scales helps in sustaining Earth's ecosystems. The course provides an introduction to climatological parameters with a focus on temperature, wind, precipitation in its various forms, humidity, cloud type and amount, and solar radiation. Observations and measurements as well as climatological data recording and analysis is discussed. An introduction to the field of hydrology along with fundamental watershed concepts is covered. Rainfall runoff models cover the rational formula, SCS method, frequency analysis of extreme flows, regional analysis, low-flow analysis, and measurement of snow melt. The hydrometric section includes procedures used to construct hydrographs and hydrometers, methods to determine stage flow and various measures of streamflow.
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Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
Define the field of climatology using appropriate terminology.
Analyze the complexity of weather and climate including atmospheric circulation (climatic patterns on various spatial scales), atmospheric moisture (humidity), adiabatic processes (precipitation), and radiation.
Apply criteria for climatological station siting for different applications such as: industry, research, and global monitoring.
Apply principles of operation in the handling of instruments used for ground-based and elevated observations, remote sensing and data collection and processing.
Use statistical tools for climatological data analysis.
Analyze the hydrologic system and its related processes.
Use various methodologies for rainfall runoff correlations with respect to small, intermediate and large basin flow analysis.
Delineate a watershed based on characteristics such as drainage density, pattern, stream order, and stream magnitude.
Calculate discharge through a culvert and/or weir using reference flow equations to determine the stage-discharge relationship.
Calculate stream discharge using the mid-section method and taking into account potential sources of error.
Effective as of Fall 2019
EENG 7410 is offered as a part of the following programs:
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