The major topics covered include the structure of atoms, compounds, stoichiometry, electrochemistry, solutions, acids and bases, salt and buffer solutions, and solubility of compounds. Some applications of precipitation reactions to water and wastewater treatment will also be examined as well as an introduction to nuclear chemistry and radon. The nomenclature, physical properties, and reactivities of the more common classes of organic compounds are discussed with special attention given to industrial chemicals and organics that are environmental hazards.
- Diploma of Technology or Degree in Engineering, Science or Natural Resources.
- Not offered this term
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At the end of this course, students will be able to:
- Discuss the naming and properties of ionic and molecular compounds.
- Solve stoichiometric problems involving mass-mass as well as mass-volume relationships.
- Assess the relative strengths of oxidizing and reducing agents from standard reduction potential values.
- Determine the voltage produced by electrochemical cells under standard and non-standard conditions.
- Outline the corrosion process and methods of preventing corrosion of metals.
- Determine the concentrations, vapour pressure, boiling point elevation and freezing point depression of solutions.
- Carry out calculations involving acid-base titrations and pH of aqueous acid and base solutions.
- Outline the mechanism by which buffer solutions operate in controlling pH.
- Determine the solubility of slightly soluble salts from the solubility-product constants.
- Explain the sources of alkalinity and water hardness.
- Describe the precipitation reactions that are employed in the removal of hardness ions, phosphate ions and iron ions from water.
- Write nuclear reactions involving radioactive decay by alpha and beta particles.
- Discuss the chemical and nuclear properties of radon.
- Draw structural formulas and give IUPAC or trade names of organic compounds for common industrial chemicals.
- Describe the types of various intermolecular forces and their effect on physical properties of organic compounds.
- Predict the products of common reactions of the major classes of organic compounds.
- Discuss the environmental impact of various classes of organic compounds and industrial chemicals.
Effective as of Fall 2009
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