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Applied Anatomy and Physiology 2 BHSC 6110

Basic Health Sciences Course

International Fees

International fees are typically three times the amount of domestic fees. Exact cost will be calculated upon completion of registration.

Course details

A continuation of Advanced Anatomy and Physiology I that focuses on normal physiology and pathophysiology of the following systems: Cerebral, Pulmonary, Renal, Hepatic, Hematological, Immune, and Endocrine, as well as concepts of metabolism and temperature regulation. Both courses combine to provide the foundation on which a broad array of clinical applications depends.




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Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the importance of the nervous system in relation to cardiovascular perfusion.
    • The anatomical structures of the brain.
    • The location and physiology of the cardio-respiratory centers of the brain.
    • Roles of sympathetic and parasympathetic system in cardiac performance.
    • The cerebral vascular system, including carotid supply, circle of Willis, vertebral and drainage vessels.
  • Explain the concepts of cerebral metabolism and ischemia.
  • Assess the pathophysiology of Cerebrovascular disease.
  • Differentiate the concept of hemorrhagic vs. embolic stroke.
  • Explain the importance of the pulmonary system in relation to cardiovascular perfusion,
    • The basic functions and ventilation mechanics of the lungs.
    • The basic pulmonary functional parameters of gas exchange.
  • Analyze the pathophysiology of:
    • Obstructive and restrictive lung diseases.
    • ARDS.
  • Differentiate the pathophysiology of various end-stage pulmonary/vascular diseases requiring lung/heart lung transplantation.
  • Explain the importance of the renal system in relation to cardiovascular perfusion, outline basic anatomy of the renal system.
  • Analyze the physiology of the renal system and how it relates to cardiovascular perfusion for:
    • Water balance.
    • Electrolyte balance.
    • Plasma volume.
    • Acid base balance.
    • Osmolarity.
    • Glomerular filtration.
    • Tubular reabsorption.
  • Interpret physiological and laboratory values used to assess renal function.
  • Outline the pathophysiology of renal disease, including renal insufficiency, pre-renal failure and Acute Tubular Necrosis.
  • Outline the normal anatomy and physiology of the hepatic system.
  • Interpret physiological and laboratory values used to assess hepatic function.
  • Contrast the most common end stage hepatic diseases possibly requiring liver transplantation.
  • Describe the cellular elements of blood and their function.
  • Describe the primary plasma proteins and their function.
  • Differentiate the most common forms of anemia/hemoglobinopathies.
  • Describe the purpose of ABO blood grouping and Rh typing.
  • Compare the physiology of the various endocrine organs.
  • Analyze the endocrine regulation of blood pressure and haematopoiesis.
  • Outline the concept of metabolism within the human body.
  • List factors affecting metabolism.
  • Explain the bodies temperature regulating capacity.

Effective as of Spring/Summer 2011

Related Programs

Applied Anatomy and Physiology 2 (BHSC 6110) is offered as a part of the following programs:

  • Indicates programs accepting international students.
  • Indicates programs with a co-op option.

School of Health Sciences

  1. Cardiovascular Perfusion
    Advanced Certificate Part-time


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