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Course Outlines

BMET 1107

Basic Cardiac Instrumentation and Electricity

School School of Health Sciences
Program Biomedical Engineering (Cadiology Technology)
Course Credits 3
Minimum Passing Grade 60%
Start Date September 07, 2021
End Date November 26, 2021
Total Hours 36
Total Weeks 12
Hours/Weeks 3
Delivery Type Other
Pre-requisites Principles of Math 12, Physics 11 (C+ or better).
CRN 31713

Acknowledgement of Territories

The British Columbia Institute of Technology acknowledges that our campuses are located on the unceded traditional territories of the Coast Salish Nations of Sḵwx̱wú7mesh (Squamish), səl̓ilwətaɁɬ (Tsleil-Waututh), and xwməθkwəy̓əm (Musqueam).

Instructor Details

Name Anthony Chan
E-mail Instructor to provide
Location SW01-3520
Office Hours Instructor to provide

Course Description

The goals of this course are to introduce students to basic electricity, simple circuit analysis, electrical safety, operation principles, and basic building blocks of biomedical instrumentation. Some biomedical devices relating to Cardiology Technology practice are discussed.

Course Learning Outcomes/Competencies

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Explain the following entities: voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, and inductance.
  • Use Ohm’s Law to analyze simple resistive electrical circuits.
  • Distinguish between microshock and macroshock.
  • State methods and precautions to minimize electrical shock hazards.
  • Identify the main components and the functions of typical digital medical equipment.
  • Identify the functional building blocks and describe the principles of operation of selected biomedical devices.
  • Understand simple troubleshooting concepts on biomedical equipment.

Learning Resources


  • All course materials (including readings, review questions, etc.) are posted on the course webpage.


  • Principles of Biomedical Engineering for Nursing Staff, H. Vonder Morsel
  • Medical Instrumentation for the Health Care Professional, John A. Allocca
  • Biomedical Device Technology: Principles and Design, Anthony Y.K. Chan
  • Any high school or college textbook on electrostatic, electricity and electric circuits

Evaluation Criteria

Criteria % Comments
Examination 1 33 modules 1 to 4
Examination 2 33 modules 5 to 9
Examination 3 34 modules 10 to 15
TOTAL100 Passing mark = 60%
All online, closed book exams

Course Specific Requirements

This is an online course. All readings and course activities are done online.

Course Schedule and Assignments

Week of


Material Covered

1 to 4


Concept of Signal Measurement

  • Units of measurements
  • Scientific and engineering notations
  • Unit conversions
  • Error and tolerance
  • Accuracy and Precision
  • Significant Figures
  • Calibration


Introduction to Electricity

  • Atomic structure review
  • Electric charge and Coulomb’s Law
  • Conductor, insulator, and semiconductor
  • Electric field and electric potential
  • Power sources and batteries
  • Electron flow, direct and alternating electric current
  • Periodical and non-periodical signals


Simple Electrical Circuit Analysis

  • Basic circuit elements
  • Ohm’s law
  • Series and parallel circuits
  • Power and energy
  • DC and AC circuits
  • Law of superposition


Electrical Safety and Hazard Prevention

  • Physiological response to electric current
  • Electric shock hazards
  • Macro shock and Micro shock
  • Sources of risk current
  • Electrical hazard prevention
  • EXAMINATION #1 (33%) Covers all materials from Modules 1 to 4

5 to 8


Biopotential Signals, Transducers and Electrodes

  • Transducers
  • Medical Transducer Applications
  • Origin of biopotentials
  • Biopotential electrodes
  • Tissue electrode interface
  • Silver/Silver Chloride electrodes


Biopotential Amplifiers and Filters

  • Signal amplification and attenuation
  • Common mode versus different mode signals
  • Differential amplifiers
  • Frequency spectrum of signals
  • Bandwidth and filters


Introduction to Digital Instrumentations

  • Digital versus analog signals
  • Advantages of digital over analog instruments
  • Numbering systems and binary number
  • Central Processing Unit of Digital Computers
  • Digital Storage Devices
  • Data Compression
  • Analog to Digital Signal Conversion


Introduction to Medical Computer Networks and data communication

  • Introduction to health informatics
  • Patient monitor networks and medical telemetry
  • Cardiology PACS and CVIS
  • Network models
  • Basic network components
  • Healthcare network standards
  • Common problems and hazards


Medical Device Functional Building Blocks and Waveform Displays

  • Study medical devices using systems approach
  • Functional block diagrams
  • Basic functional building blocks of medical devices
  • Waveform paper chart recorders
  • Flat panel waveform displays

EXAMINATION #2 (33%) Covers all materials from Modules 5 to 9

9 to 12



  • Origin of cardiac vector and electrocardiogram
  • Types of ECG machines
  • ECG leads and electrode placements
  • Functional block diagram of ECG machines
  • ECG machine care and maintenance
  • Common problems and hazards


Cardiac Defibrillators

  • Principles of defibrillation
  • Defibrillation waveform
  • Functional building blocks of a defibrillator
  • Block diagram for a defibrillator
  • Synchronous cardioversion
  • Automatic external defibrillators
  • Defibrillator maintenance
  • Common problems and hazards


Cardiac Pacemakers

  • Indication of use
  • Types of cardiac pacemakers
  • Modes of pacing
  • Pulse generator and lead systems
  • Common problems and hazards


Blood Pressure Monitors

  • Pressure and Pressure Measurement
  • Origin and Characteristics of blood pressure
  • Invasive Blood Pressure Monitors
  • Non-invasive Blood Pressure Monitors
  • Common problems and hazards


Pulse Oximeters

  • Definition of SpO2 in blood
  • Principles of operation
  • Finger probe and sensors
  • Basic functional building blocks
  • Common problems and hazards


Medical Equipment Care, Troubleshooting and Maintenance

  • Proper use of medical equipment
  • Preventive maintenance and performance verification
  • Equipment malfunction and trouble-shooting
  • Medical equipment maintenance and service options

EXAMINATION #3 (34%) Covers all materials from Modules 10 to 15

BCIT Policy

Any student who needs special assistance in the event of a medical emergency or building evacuation (either because of a disability or for any other reason) should promptly inform their course instructor(s) and Accessibility Services of their personal circumstances.

Human Rights, Harassment and Discrimination:
The BCIT community is made up of individuals from every ability, background, experience and identity, each contributing uniquely to the richness and diversity of the BCIT community as a whole. In recognition of this, and the intrinsic value of our diversity, BCIT seeks to foster a climate of collaboration, understanding and mutual respect between all members of the community and ensure an inclusive accessible working and learning environment where everyone can succeed.

Respect, Diversity, and Inclusion is a supportive resource for both students and employees of BCIT, to foster a respectful learning and working environment. Any student who feels that they are experiencing discrimination or harassment (personal or human rights-related) can confidentially access this resource for advice and support. Please see Policy 7507 – Harassment and Discrimination and accompanying procedure.

Students should make themselves aware of additional Education, Administration, Safety and other BCIT policies listed at

Guidelines for School of Health Sciences

No school specific policies, please refer to main BCIT Policy.


I verify that the content of this course outline is current.
Jennifer Perry, Instructor on behalf of Anthony Chan, Faculty
July 06, 2021

I verify that this course outline has been reviewed.
Cindy Mazerolle, Faculty
July 06, 2021

I verify that this course outline has been reviewed and complies with BCIT policy.
Jennifer Elliott, Associate Dean
July 06, 2021

Note: Should changes be required to the content of this course outline, students will be given reasonable notice.